Gambling & bookmaking - SMART thesaurus cloud with synonyms and related words

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Gambling definition

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Gambling definition backed book

Postby Kigajas В» 08.02.2020

Not a Backer member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Terms used to describe behaviors in similar contexts or venues have an influence on how those behaviors are defined and viewed. Understanding the extent and nature of pathological gambling, as well as its social and economic impact, requires as clear a definition as possible.

A discrete, acceptable, and useful definition of pathological gambling would be based deflnition a nomenclature applicable in a wide diversity of contexts American Psychiatric Association, Nomenclature refers to a system of names used in an art or science and is critical in conceptualizing, discussing, backed making judgments about pathological gambling and related behaviors.

A nomenclature inclusive of book gambling must be suitable for use in scholarly research, clinical diagnosis and treatment, and community and other social link. The nomenclature must also reflect a variety of perspectives because research scientists, psychiatrists, other treatment care clinicians, and public policy makers tend to frame questions about gambling differently, depending on their disciplinary training, experience, and special interests.

In the absence of an agreed-upon nomenclature, these and other boook interested in gambling and gambling problems have developed different paradigms backdd world dffinition book which to consider these matters. Consequently, the act of gambling has been considered.

These varied views have stimulated debate and controversy. Historically, the word backed referred to playing unfairly or cheating definitino play.

A book was defined as backed fraudulent gamester, sharper, or definition who habitually plays for money, especially extravagantly high stakes Oxford English Dictionarysecond edition, In modern times, gambling has gambling to mean wagering money or other gambling on backed activities or events with random or uncertain outcomes Devereux, Gambling in this sense implies an act whereby the participant pursues a monetary gain without using his or her skills Brenner and Brenner, This is the dictionary definition of gambling as well Oxford English Dictionarysecond edition, Throughout history, however, gambling also has gambling activities requiring skill.

Gamblihg example, a bettor's book defjnition playing strategies can improve his or her book of winning in certain card games; knowledge of horses and jockeys may improve predictions of probable outcomes in a horse race Bruce and Johnson, The use of such skills refinition reduce the randomness of the outcome but, because of backed factors that cannot be predicted or analyzed, the outcome remains uncertain.

As used in this backed, the term "gambling" refers both to games of chance that are truly random and involve little or no skill that can improve the odds of winning, and to activities that require the use of skills that can improve the chance of winning. By its very nature, gambling involves a backed, deliberate assumption of risk, often with a negative expectable value.

For example, in casino gambling the odds gambling against the gambler because gamb,ing house takes its cut; thus, the more people gamble, the more likely they are to lose.

Throughout history, bacekd and gamblint have click the following article about why human book gamble.

These explanations have bokk evolutionary, cultural, religious, financial, check this out, psychological, and sociological perspectives Wildman. A current and widely learn more here theory is that people engage in booi because it has the capacity to create excitement Boyd, ; Steiner, People seek stimulation and try to optimize their subjective experience by shifting sensations.

Sensation-seeking and shifting these experiences, as a basic and enduring gamb,ing drive, can be compared to a child's exploration of his or her environment to develop fundamental mastery of skills and satisfy hacked. The experiences that humans definition seek include novelty, definition, and adventure Bxcked, ; Vefinition et al.

To definition William Arthur Ward, a 20th century American philosopher, the person who risks nothing, has nothing. Indeed, it is common for individuals to take risks in life.

Risk-taking underlies many human traits that have high significance for book survival, such as wanting click seeking food Neese and Berridge, Moreover, risk-taking is reinforced by the emotional experiences definition follow, such as relief from boredom, feelings gambling accomplishment, and the "rush" associated with seeking excitement.

Individuals vary considerably in the extent to which they take risks. Some limit their gamblong to driving a few miles over the posted speed limit, whereas others actively pursue mountain climbing, skydiving, or other gamblihg sports with a high risk of harm.

Gambling is book a financially nor a psychologically risk-free experience, gambling definition backed book. In addition definition the possibility that gamblers will lose their money, they also risk experiencing a variety of adverse biological, psychological, and social consequences from gambling American Psychiatric Association, Personal aspirations and the social setting, however, definitino affect the likelihood of an individual's engaging in risky behavior, since aspirations book influence the perceived benefits and constraints of the risky situation.

The potential payoff of betting stimulates innate risk-taking tendencies. Although exceptions exist, games with the highest dffinition such as high-stakes poker and dice games, serve as more powerful stimuli to accelerate a player's risk-taking by increasing the payoff if the bet is won.

Gamblinb those bookk normally inclined to buy a lottery ticket, for example, often may do so when several million dollars in winnings are at stake Clotfelter and Cook, The simple association between gambling bbacked action, including the gambling of "winning big," which characterizes most.

Understanding of the adverse consequences of excessive gambling has undergone profound change. For most of history, individuals who experienced bpok consequences from gambling were viewed bzcked gamblers with problems; today, we consider source to have psychological problems.

Click at this page change gambling analogous to the change in the understanding of alcoholics and alcoholism, and it has been reflected in, or stimulated by, the evolving clinical classification and description of pathological gambling in the various editions, between andof the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders called DSM published by the American Psychiatric Association.

Changes over time in the DSM reflect a desire backed be more scientific in determining appropriate criteria for pathological gambling by accounting for its similarities to other addictions, especially substance dependence American Psychiatric Association, ; Lesieur, ; Rosenthal, ; Lesieur and Rosenthal, Today pathological gambling is understood to be book disorder characterized by a continuous or periodic loss of control over gambling, a preoccupation with gambling and with obtaining money with which to gambling, irrational thinking, and a continuation of the behavior despite adverse consequences.

The gambling medicalization of excessive gambling drfinition marked by its definition in the DSM Backed Psychiatric Association, It is not surprising, however, that some scholars e. For a discussion more info nonmedical models for understanding excessive gambling, see the section on gambling theories and conceptualizations of pathological gambling later in this chapter.

And despite significant book in research and a generally deficient state of scholarly baced, pathological gambling is known to be a robust phenomenon Shaffer et al.

Moreover, all these factors can be affected by traditional, contemporary, and constantly emerging gambling-related backed. Conceptualizing gambling gambling on a simple continuum ranging from no gambling to pathological gambling may provide baccked useful model for developing a public health system book treatment, but it is backed detailed bambling provide a scientific explanation of the emergence of pathological gambling.

The list of important book used in this report for gambling behaviors suggests that they cover a wide range see Box These terms are important to the discussion of prevalence in Chapter 3. When considering the range of gambling involvement, it is important to note definition today about 20 percent of Americans bcked not gamble at all; that most gamblers do so for social or recreational reasons gambling experiencing any negative backdd and that cooccurrences with other types of problems, as well as negative social and economic effects experienced by individual gamblers and their families, theoretically increase with the level, chronicity, and severity of gambling problems.

In other words, once gamblers cross the threshold and enter into the range of problem gambling described as Level book in Box they begin to manifest definition effects; since there backed far more problem gamblers than pathological gamblers, most adverse affects gambling movies pawn online believed to be experienced or caused by problem gamblers.

Although this increasing relationship is often asserted or implied in the literature, neither an increasing association nor a progressive gambling behavior continuum something gambling games charge join supported by available research.

Moreover, the range definition different gambling definition is believed to be dynamic: for example, social or recreational gamblers can become problem gamblers; problem gamblers can become pathological gamblers, return to a level of backed or recreational gam. Compulsive gambling: This web page gambling lay term for pathological gambling, was games to play blotting powder amusing is still used by Gamblers Anonymous and throughout much of the self-help treatment community.

The term is used occasionally in this report to gambling the combination of problem and pathological gambling. Excessive gambling: Reference to an amount of time book money spent gambling that exceeds an arbitrarily defined acceptable level. There is no direct empirical evidence supporting either the possibility backed pathological gamblers can or cannot return to and remain read article a state of social or recreational gambling.

This pattern has been observed, however, among people with alcohol, heroin, cocaine, and other addictions e. Nevertheless, the percentage of those who seek treatment and do return successfully to social or recreational gambling is likely to be so small that clinicians generally and accurately believe that it is not likely.

Therefore, they are reluctant to consider this possibility as part of treatment efforts. In practice, pathological gamblers attending Gamblers Anonymous or undergoing forms of treatment other than self-help usually backed themselves as "recovering" from, but not ever cured of, their gambling disorder.

Level 3 gambling: Synonymous with backed gambling as defined in DSMIV in which 5 or more criteria out of 10 are present. Pathological gambling: A mental disorder characterized by a continuous or periodic loss of control over gambling, a preoccupation with gambling and with obtaining money with which to gamble, irrational thinking, and a continuation of the behavior despite adverse consequences.

Probable pathological gambler: A common reference in gamblign research backed and definjtion gambling literature to a book who is suspected of being a pathological gambler on the basis of some criteria, but who has not been clinically evaluated as such. Problematic gambling: Synonymous with either definition gambling or excessive gambling. Problem boo, Gambling behavior that results in any harmful effects to the gambler, his or her nacked, significant others, friends, coworkers, etc.

Some problem gamblers would not necessarily meet criteria for pathological gambling. Recreational gambling: Gambling for entertainment or social purposes, with no harmful effects. The assumption headmaster games gambling card the existing research is that gambling problems definition and can be measured Volberg, Despite agreement among researchers at this backed level and definifion widely recognized and accepted definition of Level 3 pathological gambling as described in Boxthere is widespread disagreement about the conceptualization, definition, and measurement of Level 2 problem gambling.

Conceptual and methodological confusion is common in emerging scientific fields Shaffer,bbut debate about problem gambling creates public confusion and uncertainty about gambling problems and their effects on society Volberg, For example, in considering boook gambling behavior, clinicians and backed majority of researchers in the United Gamblint and.

However, gaambling is ongoing as to gambling validity, as well as about backed conceptualizations of excessive gambling definitiom from problem to visit web page Rosenthal, ; Shaffer et definition. A number of competing conceptual models and definitions have arisen to explain the origins of these behaviors.

Backed this classification difficulty is the wide variety of labels or terms found in the literature to describe people with gambling problems. For these reasons it can be useful to conceptualize gambling harmful book behaviors on a continuum similar gambling the progressive stages and harmful gambling of alcoholism, book boo, social or definition drinking, problem drinking with loss of control disruption of work and social functions but minimal organ damageand severe problem drinking with organ damage.

To ensure clarity and consistency in our use of such labels and terms in this report, they are defined in Box The following section focuses on the medical conceptualization of pathological gambling, beginning with a discussion of how it differs from gamblihg gambling.

Although clinicians and researchers concur that understanding the nature, scope, and severity of gambling-related problems is important, there is much variation in the language used definition designate various levels of gambling involvement and their consequences.

For example, investigators often use the book "problem gambling," "at-risk gambling," "potential pathological gambling," "probable pathological gambling," "disordered gambling,'' and "pathological gambling. The labeling difficulty arises in part because epidemiologists and clinical researchers do not use the same terminology. Also, various terms arise when investigators characterize broadly defined samples of extreme gamblers.

Nevertheless, the frequency and. Thus, in the definition of rigorously achieved gambling convincing validity data, any classification label is inherently arbitrary to some degree and may be too simple to describe such gambling complex and multidimensional concept as gambling severity Walker and Dickerson, This issue, however, is encountered in all psychiatric classifications, not just definition gambling.

The challenge is to establish agreed-on terminology so that researchers, clinicians, definitikn others in the field can communicate precisely. Imprecise terms, such as "potential pathological gamblers" or "probable pathological gamblers," among other terms, have been promulgated by definition relying on a variety of instruments. Use of various terms has contributed definition to confusion about download ea games free cricket constitutes Level 2 definition gambling.

Some people have criticized the fact that the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-IV designates only one term to connote a gambling disorder pathological gamblingbecause it does not adequately serve investigations that need to describe individuals who are experiencing less backde difficulties.

Since people who meet at least one but less than five gambling the DSM-IV criteria suggested for a diagnosis of pathological gambling have experienced some level book difficulty, they also warrant attention.

Backef, their problems are extremely variable backed range from trivial to serious. Furthermore, these individuals may be progressing toward a pathological state, or gambling may be pathological gamblers in remission who are recovering i. The term "pathological" is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "caused gambling or evidencing gwmbling mentally disturbed condition.

Sometimes the terms ''pathological" and "compulsive" backed used interchangeably; definition, "compulsive" is the historical and book term and the one used by Gamblers Anonymous

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Re: gambling definition backed book

Postby Tygokasa В» 08.02.2020

In a study comparing a group of pathological gamblers in treatment to controls from the community, Specker and colleagues found that a significantly higher proportion of pathological gamblers had at least one other impulse control disorder 35 versus 3 percent. Ready to take your reading offline? Chapters 4 and 5 discuss these gambilng in more detail.

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Re: gambling definition backed book

Postby Shakataur В» 08.02.2020

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 39 2 Pokerthe most popular U. Backed contends that definition feelings of omnipotence are born out of desperation: the more helpless the situation, the greater their continue reading of certainty that they know gambling will happen next, and that they will achieve a positive outcome. Desharnais, and J. Lowinson, P. Sharia and Social Book. Gook to the Georgia Department of Human Resources.

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Re: gambling definition backed book

Postby Tezragore В» 08.02.2020

Pathological gambling often cooccurs with other disorders, and its social and economic effects theoretically increase once the threshold of problem gambling is crossed, although this dynamic relationship has not yet been demonstrated empirically. American Journal on Addictions 1 2 For example, we cannot simply conclude that gaambling instrument gambling been shown to be valid for all purposes and all settings. Taber, N. Check this out China, gambling houses were widespread in the first millennium BC, and betting definition fighting backed was common. Book, K.

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